United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 114. Return of the Remains and Personal Effects of the Dead
Section A. Return of the remains of the dead
The UK Military Manual (1958) provides: “The ashes must be respectfully treated, and kept by the Graves Registration Service until properly disposed of according to the wishes of the home country.”
The UK LOAC Manual (2004) states:
Graves registration services must be officially established at the outbreak of hostilities and, as soon as circumstances permit, the adverse parties and any other concerned authorities are required to seek agreement for:
c. The return of remains of the deceased to the home state on that state’s request or, unless that state objects, on the request of the next of kin.
The manual further states:
In the absence of agreements relating either to protection and maintenance of grave sites or for the return of the deceased, the authorities of the territory in which the grave sites are situated may (a) offer to facilitate the return of the remains to the home state; and (b) if such an offer is not accepted within five years from the date of the offer, and after due notice, adopt arrangements for dealing with such remains in accordance with their own domestic laws relating to cemeteries and graves.