Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Fiji’s Geneva Conventions Promulgation (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Part IV—Misuse of the Red Cross and Other Emblems, Signs, Signals, Identity Cards, Insignia and Uniforms
Use of red cross, red crescent and other emblems, etc.
12.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, it shall not be lawful for any person, without the consent in writing of the Minister of Home Affairs or a person authorized in writing by the Minister to give consent under this section, to use or display for any purpose whatsoever any of the following:
(a) the emblem of a red cross with vertical and horizontal arms of the same length on, and completely surrounded by a white ground, or the designation “Red Cross” or “Geneva Cross”;
(b) the emblem of a red crescent moon on, and completely surrounded by, a white ground, or the designation “Red Crescent”;
(c) the following emblem in red on, and completely surrounded by a white ground, that is to say a lion passing from right to left of, and with its face turned towards, the observer, holding erect in its raised right forepaw a scimitar, with, appearing above the lion’s back, the upper half of the sun shooting forth rays, or the designation “Red Lion and Sun”;
(d) the following emblem in red on, and completely surrounded by, a white ground, that is to say, a red frame in the shape of a square on edge (whether or not incorporating within its centre another emblem or combination thereof in accordance with Article 3, paragraph 1 of [2005 Additional] Protocol III), or the designation “Red Crystal” or the designation “third Protocol emblem”;
(g) any of the distinctive signals specified in Chapter III of Annex I to [the 1977 Additional] Protocol I being the signals of identification for medical units and transports.
(i) a design, wording or signal so nearly resembling any of the emblems, designations, signs or signals specified in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) or (h) as to be capable of being mistaken for, or, as the case may be, understood as referring to, one of those emblems, designations, signs or signals.