Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section D. Information on the nature and cause of the accusation
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides: “Before a [disciplinary] decision is imposed, the accused prisoner shall be informed of the acts of which he is charged.”
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “Before any disciplinary award is pronounced, the accused must be given precise information regarding the offences of which he is accused.”
In 2009, in the Gaza case
, the Criminal Chamber of Spain’s National High Court was called upon to decide the appeal of the Prosecution Service in a case concerning a bombing in Gaza in 2002 by the Israeli Air Force. The Court referred to the facts of the case as falling under “offences against protected persons and objects in the event of armed conflict” in the Penal Code (1995).
In 2010, Spain’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal against the judgment of the National High Court and held:
B) The right to a … process with all the [judicial] guarantees – the infringement of which is denounced [in this appeal] – has a series of concrete manifestations: … the right to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation in a convenient manner …
C) … The appeal proceedings [of the National High Court], which also allowed and led to the present appeal, in no way detract from the procedural guarantees or result in the lack of a proper defence.