Practice Relating to Rule 51. Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
Section C. Private property in occupied territory
Under Colombia’s Basic Military Manual (1995), it is forbidden “to seize … personal property” of non-combatants.
According to Colombia’s Instructors’ Manual (1999), the instructor must recall the theme of respect for civilian property, livestock, money and movable and immovable objects. It points out that, during the conflict in Colombia, the property of the civilian population has not been properly respected. Livestock have been killed, houses destroyed and crops devastated, all acts that military personnel must not commit.
Colombia’s Soldiers’ Manual (1999) orders troops to respect civilian property.
Colombia’s Military Penal Code (1999) provides for a prison sentence for “anyone who, without any justification, orders or commits requisitions”, as well as for “anyone who requisitions without fulfilling the required formalities and without special circumstances obliging him to do so”.