Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
China’s Law Governing the Trial of War Criminals (1946) provides that “deliberate bombing of hospitals” constitutes a war crime.
At the International Conference of the Red Cross in 1952, China denounced the bombardment of hospitals during the Korean War.
In 1972, in a statement before the General Conference of UNESCO concerning US attacks in Viet Nam, China criticized the United States because it allegedly had “wantonly bombarded Vietnamese cities and villages, seriously destroyed many schools and cultural and sanitary facilities, [and] killed a large number of teachers, students, patients and medical personnel”.
The Report on the Practice of China states: “China is of the opinion that … medical objects shall be respected and protected from attacks.”