القاعدة ذات الصلة
China
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section B. Trial by an independent, impartial and regularly constituted court
China’s Criminal Procedure Law (1979), as amended in 1996, states:
The People’s Courts shall exercise judicial power independently in accordance with law and the People’s Procuratorates shall exercise procuratorial power independently in accordance with law, and they shall be free from interference by any administrative organ, public organization or individual. 
China, Criminal Procedure Law, 1979, as amended in 1996, Article 5.
China’s Organic Law of the People’s Courts (1979), as amended in 2006, states:
Article 4. The people’s courts shall exercise judicial power independently, in accordance with the provisions of law, and shall not be subject to interference by any administrative organ, public organization or individual.
Article 15. If a party to a case considers that a member of the judicial personnel has an interest in the case or, for any other reason, cannot administer justice impartially, he has the right to request that member to withdraw. The president of the court shall decide whether the member should withdraw.
If a member of the judicial personnel considers that he should withdraw because he has an interest in the case or for any other reason, he should report the matter to the president of the court for decision. 
China, Organic Law of the People’s Courts, 1979, as amended in 2006, Articles 4 and 15.
China’s Organic Law of the People’s Procuratorates (1979), as amended in 1983, states:
The people’s procuratorates shall exercise procuratorial authority independently, in accordance with the provisions of law, and shall not be subject to interference by any administrative organ, public organization or individual. 
China, Organic Law of the People’s Procuratorates, 1979, as amended in 1983, Article 9.
China’s Constitution (1982), as amended in 2004, states: “The people’s courts exercise judicial power independently, in accordance with the provisions of law, and not subject to interference by any administrative organ, public organization or individual”. 
China, Constitution, 1982, as amended in 2004, Article 126.