القاعدة ذات الصلة
Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section B. Presence of combatants among the civilian population
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
Lesson 1. Basic notions of IHL
The principle of distinction specifies who and what can be attacked and who and what cannot be attacked.
- Who and what cannot be attacked?
- Civilians,
- Civilian population, …
NB: The presence of servicemen among a crowd of civilians does not change the nature of the civilian population.
Lesson 2. Identification
II.1 Protected persons and objects
- Civilian population: entirety of civilians. The presence within the civilian population of individuals who are not civilians does not deprive that population of that character. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre I: Instruction de base, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 13–15 and 17–19.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.3. The civilian population
The civilian population consists of civilian persons. In the law of armed conflict, the presence within the civilian population of individuals who do not come within the definition of civilians does not deprive the population of its civilian character. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 1: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 1ère année, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 31; see also Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 31.