القاعدة ذات الصلة
Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 54. Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
Section A. Attacks against objects
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
The principle of distinction specifies who and what can be attacked and who and what cannot be attacked.
- Who and what cannot be attacked?
- Everything that contributes to the survival of the local populations (fields, crops, granaries, livestock, water supplies, irrigation systems, etc.). 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre I: Instruction de base, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 14–15.
In Book III, Volume 2 (Instruction of second-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.2.5. Protection of goods indispensable for the survival of the population
It is prohibited to use starvation as a method of warfare against the civilian population, i.e. to resort to the former concept of siege. It is therefore prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, such as foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking water installations and supplies and irrigation works. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 2: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 2ème année, Manuel de l’instructeur, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 31.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
Chapter 3. Protection
II.2.3. Objects indispensible to the survival of the population
It is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, whatever the motive. …
Examples of “objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population”:
- foodstuffs;
- agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs;
- crops;
- livestock;
- drinking water installations and supplies;
- irrigation works.
Chapter 4. Methods and means of warfare
I.2.9. Recourse to the starvation of the civilian population
Starvation of civilians as a method of combat is prohibited. Consequently, it is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, whatever the motive. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 31, 37, 45 and 51.