Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section C. Respect for and protection of hospital ships
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 2 (Instruction of second-year trainee officers):
II.2.1. Protection of hospitals and material used by medical personnel
Hospitals must not be attacked and medical personnel must be spared. As long as they have to fulfil their special task, they must not be used for a different purpose. This equally applies to medical transports.
Medical transport means any means of transportation assigned exclusively to the conveyance by land, water or air of the wounded, sick, shipwrecked, medical and religious personnel or medical material.
A hospital ship means a ship built or equipped specially and exclusively with a view to assisting the wounded, sick and shipwrecked, to caring for them and to transporting them.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.2.6. Means of medical transportation
Means of medical transportation of all kinds (land, sea and air) are protected and must not be made the object of attack. …
Medical transportation should not be armed (i.e. by collective weapons) because of the risk that they are considered as combat vehicles. The medical personnel of medical transportations can, however, keep their individual weapons. …
The following ships of an adverse Party must not be attacked:
- hospital ships;
- boats used for coastal rescue operations or medical transport operations.