القاعدة ذات الصلة
Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
Lesson 1. Basic notions of IHL
The principle of distinction specifies who and what can be attacked and who and what cannot be attacked.
- Who and what must be protected?
- medical personnel, material and establishments,
Lesson 2. Identification
II.2 Persons and objects under special protection
- medical personnel, material and establishments,
Lesson 3. Rules of behaviour in combat
15. Respect medical personnel, material and establishments. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre I: Instruction de base, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 14–15, 17, 19, 21 and 26.
In Book III, Volume 2 (Instruction of second-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.2.1. Protection of hospitals and material used by medical personnel
Hospitals must not be attacked and medical personnel must be spared. As long as they have to fulfil their special task, they must not be used for a different purpose. …
Medical material means any medical equipment or any medical supply as well as all resources exclusively intended to provide adequate services and to care for the wounded and sick. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 2: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 2ème année, Manuel de l’instructeur, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 29–30.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.2.5. Medical units and establishments
Medical units and establishments must be respected and protected and must not be made the object of attacks. …
Medical units means establishments and other units, whether military or civilian, organized for medical purposes. The term “medical units” must be understood in a wide sense and includes:
- hospitals and similar units;
- blood transfusion centres;
- preventive medicine centres and institutes;
- medical depots;
- medical and pharmaceutical stores of such units.
The protection to which civilian medical units are entitled shall not cease unless they are used to commit acts harmful to the enemy. Protection may, however, be interrupted after a warning has been given and after such warning has remained unheeded. …
The following actions are not considered as harmful to the enemy and do not deprive medical units of protection:
- that the personnel of the medical unit are armed for their own defence or for that of the wounded and sick in their charge;
- that the medical unit is guarded by a picket or by sentries or by an escort;
- that small arms and ammunition taken from the wounded and sick, and not yet handed to the proper service, are found in the units;
- that the humanitarian activity of the medical units and establishments or their personnel extends to civilian and military wounded and sick. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 38–39.