القاعدة ذات الصلة
Switzerland
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) provides: “Children shall be the object of a particular respect. Children shall be protected against any form of indecent assault.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 146(3).
The manual also states: “Children shall be the object of a particular protection and respect.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 36; see also Lois et coutumes de la guerre, Manuel 51.7/III dfi, Armée suisse, 1984, p. 39 and Droit des gens en temps de guerre, Programme d’instruction fondé sur le Manuel 51.7/III “Lois et coutumes de la guerre”, Cours de base pour recrues de toutes les armes 97.2f, Armée suisse, 1986, p. 107.
The manual further provides: “Necessary measures must be taken so that children under 15 years of age, who are separated from their families as a result of war, are not left to their own resources.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 157(1).
In addition, the manual states: “Transports of … children … effected by convoys of vehicles and hospital trains, shall be respected and protected in the same way as hospitals.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 37.
Switzerland’s Regulation on Legal Bases for Conduct during an Engagement (2005) states: “[C]hildren … must be specially protected.” 
Switzerland, Bases légales du comportement à l’engagement (BCE), Règlement 51.007/IVf, Swiss Army, issued based on Article 10 of the Ordinance on the Organization of the Federal Department for Defence, Civil Protection and Sports of 7 March 2003, entry into force on 1 July 2005, § 199.
(emphasis in original)
Switzerland’s ABC of International Humanitarian Law (2009) states:
International humanitarian law offers special protection to children. Parties to a conflict are under an obligation to provide all the care and assistance that they need due to their young age or for any other reason. Food and medical aid must be provided to children before others. International humanitarian law also contains special guarantees for detained children, the inviolability of their nationality and civil status and for reunification with their families. Children orphaned by war or separated from their parents have the right to education in accordance with their own religion and culture. 
Switzerland, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, ABC of International Humanitarian Law, 2009, p. 10; see also p. 12.
In 2012, in its combined second, third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Switzerland stated: “Switzerland attaches particular importance to protecting and assisting children during armed conflicts”. 
Switzerland, Combined second, third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 30 October 2013, UN Doc. CRC/C/CHE/2-4, submitted 19 July 2012, p. 117.
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) provides: “Necessary measures must be taken for children under 15 years … in any circumstances, so that their care, religious practice and education are facilitated.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 157(1).
Switzerland’s ABC of International Humanitarian Law (2009) states: “Children orphaned by war or separated from their parents have the right to education in accordance with their own religion and culture.” 
Switzerland, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, ABC of International Humanitarian Law, 2009, p. 10.
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) provides: “Belligerents shall conclude special agreements in order to evacuate … children … from besieged areas.” 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 33.
The manual further provides that it is prohibited to evacuate children into a foreign country, except with the temporary authorization of the government. 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 157.
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) provides that the occupying power can only pronounce the death penalty when the accused is over the age of 18 years. 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 173.
Switzerland’s ABC of International Humanitarian Law (2009) states:
Child soldiers
The Optional Protocol of 2000 to the [1989] UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides for measures to ensure the reintegration in society of children who have served as combatants. 
Switzerland, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, ABC of International Humanitarian Law, 2009, p. 10.
In 2011, in a statement during an interactive dialogue with the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict at the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly, the permanent representative of Switzerland stated: “It is necessary to further examine the question of cross-border cooperation in order to improve the coordination and implementation of the monitoring and reporting mechanisms to reintegrate former child soldiers in the society in their country of origin.” 
Switzerland, Statement by the permanent representative of Switzerland during an interactive dialogue with the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict at the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly, 12 October 2011.
In 2012, in its combined second, third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Switzerland stated: “Switzerland attaches particular importance to … demobilizing and reintegrating child soldiers.” 
Switzerland, Combined second, third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 30 October 2013, UN Doc. CRC/C/CHE/2-4, submitted 19 July 2012, p. 117.
In 2013, Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs issued the “Strategy on the protection of civilians in armed conflicts”, which states that Switzerland “supports projects pertaining to prevention of recruitment of children by parties to a conflict and reintegration of those who have been demobilized”. 
Switzerland, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Strategy on the protection of civilians in armed conflicts, 2013, p. 17.