Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) provides: “In general, a ‘civilian’ is any person who is not a combatant … The civilian population comprises all persons who are civilians.”
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states:
424. Definition of “civilian”
1. In general, a “civilian” is any person who is not a combatant …
426. Civilian population
1. The civilian population comprises all persons who are civilians. The presence within the civilian population of individuals who do not come within the definition of civilians does not deprive the population of its civilian character.