القاعدة ذات الصلة
Canada
Practice Relating to Rule 49. War Booty
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) provides:
All enemy public movable property captured or found on a battlefield is known as ‘booty’ and becomes the property of the capturing state. Booty includes all articles captured with PWs [prisoners of war] other than their personal property. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 6-5, § 48; see also p. 12-8, § 67.
The manual further states:
PWs must be allowed to retain all their personal property, except vehicles, arms, and other military equipment or documents. Protective equipment (such as helmets, gas masks, flak jackets, etc.) must also be left in their possession. Clothing or articles used for feeding, even though the property of their government, must also be left in their possession, as must badges of nationality or rank, and decorations. They must also be allowed to retain articles of sentimental value. If they lack identity cards or papers, the must be provided with these. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 10-3, § 27.
The manual also states: “All property, other than personal property, taken from PWs is known as booty. Booty belongs to the government of the captors, not to the individual unit or person effecting the capture.” 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 10-4, § 29.
Canada’s Code of Conduct (2001) provides:
It is prohibited to return to Canada with weapons or ammunition as “war trophies”. CF [Canadian Forces] personnel who attempt to return to Canada with such items may also run afoul of Canadian criminal and customs laws. 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 4 June 2001, Rule 3, § 12.
With regard to the surrendered enemy, the Code of Conduct states:
Disarming includes the search for and the taking away of equipment and documents of military value (e.g., weapons, ammunition, maps, orders, code books, etc.). The following material must remain with the PW or detainee:
a. identification documents/discs;
b. clothing, items for personal use, or items used for feeding; and
c. items for personal protection (i.e., helmet, gas mask, flak jacket, etc.) …
Only an officer may order the removal of sums of money and valuables for safekeeping. If such action is taken, a receipt must be issued and the details recorded in a special register. 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 4 June 2001, Rule 5, § 5 and Rule 6, § 5.
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states in its chapter on land warfare:
All enemy public movable property captured or found on a battlefield is known as ‘booty’ and becomes the property of the capturing state. Booty includes all articles captured with PWs [prisoners of war] other than their personal property. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 622.
In its chapter on the treatment of prisoners of war (PWs), the manual further explains:
1. PWs must be allowed to retain all their personal property, except vehicles, arms, and other military equipment or documents. Protective equipment (such as helmets, gas masks, flak jackets, etc.) must also be left in their possession. Clothing or articles used for feeding, even though the property of their government, must also be left in their possession, as must badges of nationality or rank, and decorations. They must also be allowed to retain articles of sentimental value. If they lack identity cards or papers, they must be provided with these.
2. Money may be taken from a PW only on the order of an officer, with details as to amount and ownership properly registered and a receipt given. Sums in the currency of the Detaining Power or changed into such currency must be credited to the prisoner’s account, as must any sum paid to the PW in respect of pay for work done. A similar account must be kept of any sum paid to the PW by way of advance.
3. All property, other than personal property, taken from PWs is known as booty. Booty belongs to the government of the captors, not to the individual unit or person effecting the capture. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 1021.
Canada’s Code of Conduct (2005) provides that “[i]t is prohibited to return to Canada with weapons or ammunition as ‘war trophies.’ CF [Canadian Forces] personnel who attempt to return to Canada with such items may also run afoul of Canadian criminal and customs laws.” 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 2005, Rule 3, § 12.
The Code of Conduct further states:
The Law of Armed Conflict does permit the seizure and use of property belonging to the opposing forces under certain circumstances. However, the taking and use of such property must only be done where properly authorized. On many peace support operations the seizure and use of such property may be inconsistent with the overall military mission. Property may never be taken for the personal benefit of individual CF personnel. 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 2005, Rule 8, § 3.
With regard to the surrendered enemy, the Code of Conduct states:
Disarming includes the search for and the taking away of equipment and documents of military value (e.g., weapons, ammunition, maps, orders, code books, etc.). The following material must remain with the PW or detainee:
a. identification documents/discs;
b. clothing, items for personal use, or items used for feeding; and
c. items of personal protection (i.e., helmet, gas mask, flak jacket, etc.). 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 2005, Rule 5, § 5.
The Code of Conduct further states: “Only an officer may order the removal of sums of money and valuables for safekeeping. If such action is taken, a receipt must be issued and the details recorded in a special register.” 
Canada, Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 2005, Rule 6, § 5.