القاعدة ذات الصلة
Canada
Practice Relating to Rule 3. Definition of Combatants
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) states: “As a general rule, the term ‘combatant’ includes any member of the armed forces, except medical and religious personnel.” 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 3-1, § 6.
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states in its chapter entitled “Combatant Status”: “As a general rule, the term ‘combatant’ includes any member of the armed forces, except medical and religious personnel.” 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 304.
In its glossary, the manual states: “Combatants are persons who are legally entitled, under the LOAC, to take a direct part in an armed conflict and, in particular, to engage in hostilities. Combatants who are captured by the enemy are prisoners of war.” 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, Glossary, p. GL-3.
The manual further states:
Unlawful combatants are legitimate targets for such time as they take a direct part in hostilities. Unlawful combatants include:
a. civilians (except those who are lawful combatants because they are participating in levée en masse);
b. mercenaries; and
c. spies. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 410.1.