القاعدة ذات الصلة
Benin
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Section D. Order at the highest authority of government
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are ordered at a high level”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.