Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War (1995), as amended in 2007, states:
Article 3. According to the present Law civilians are defined as follows:
1) During international armed conflicts – persons not belonging to the armed forces of the party to the conflict and persons located in the conflict zone in any given time and in any given function, or being in the hands of a party to the conflict or of the aggressive power which they are not nationals of;
2) During internal armed conflicts – persons not belonging to the armed forces of the party to the conflict, nor taking active part in the hostilities, as well as persons belonging to the armed forces of the party to the conflict before the start of military operations and had laid down their arms by their own free will or hors de combat
as a result of any reason.