Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War (1995) provides:
The appropriate authorities and governmental bodies of the Azerbaijan Republic ensure that all the citizens learn the provisions of this law on civil defence and ensure the preparation of military servicemen of all categories within the framework of training programmes.
If the Azerbaijan Republic is one of the parties to the conflict, the necessary instruction is given to the civilian population in such a conflict area and to the personnel staff of the Armed Forces of the Azerbaijan Republic involved in the solution of this conflict.
Azerbaijan’s Order No. 637 on the Application of IHL Norms within the Armed Forces (2005), issued by the Minister of Defence, states:
With the aim to implement provisions of the international treaties related to IHL within the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, I [order that] Deputies of the Minister of Defence, commanders of the Armed Forces and different troops, chiefs of departments, independent sectors and services, commanders of divisions, formations and military units of the Ministry of Defence, chiefs of directions, institutions, organizations and military educational institutions shall ensure the following:
- learning by military servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan provisions related to IHL norms, contained in the Constitution and laws of Azerbaijan, military regulations of the Armed Forces, orders and directives of the Minister of Defence;
- respect for IHL norms by the military servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan during implementation of the demands of the management directives related to provision of combat regulations and combat actions;
- requirements of IHL norms are taken into consideration while elaboration of orders, directives and other service documents related to holding of exercises, trainings and other events.