القاعدة ذات الصلة
Austria
Practice Relating to Rule 155. Defence of Superior Orders
Austria’s Military Penal Code (1970), as amended, provides that a soldier is responsible for punishable acts even if he committed them in execution of an order. 
Austria, Military Penal Code, 1970, as amended, Article 3(1).
In its judgment in the Leopold case in 1967, in which the accused was convicted of the murder of several prisoners of war in Poland during the Second World War, Austria’s Supreme Court held that under the principles laid down in the Nuremberg judgment, obedience to an order of a superior neither justified an offence nor in general excused it. Only “absolute coercion” could constitute such an excuse. 
Austria, Supreme Court, Leopold case, Judgment, 10 May 1967.