Serbia and Montenegro
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section N. Non bis in idem
In 2003, in its initial report to the Human Rights Committee, Serbia and Montenegro stated:
151. According to Article 99, paragraph 11, of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, enactments adopted during a state of war may throughout the duration of the state of war restrict various rights and freedoms of man and the citizen, except specific rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution (… protection from trial or punishment a second time for an offence for which the proceedings have been legally suspended or the charges rejected or for which the perpetrator has been acquitted by a court decision …
153. Pursuant to the Charter of Human and Minority Rights and Civil Liberties [of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, adopted in 2003], derogation from human and minority rights guaranteed by this Charter is allowed following the declaration of a state of war or a state of emergency, if the existence of the State Union or a member State is threatened, but only to the extent necessary under the given circumstances. Measures of derogation from human and minority rights cease to have effect following the end of the state of war or the state of emergency. No derogation is permitted even during the state of war or the state of emergency from the … right to a fair trial; … ne bis in idem.