القاعدة ذات الصلة
South Africa
Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Section A. General
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides that the “compelling of civilians to perform prohibited labour” is a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their 1977 Additional Protocols. 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, § 39(i).
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) provides that “[c]ompelling civilians to perform prohibited labour” is a grave breach of the law of armed conflict and a war crime. 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, §§ 61(i) and 57.
South Africa’s Constitution (1996), as amended to 2003, states:
13. Slavery, servitude and forced labour.
- No one may be subjected to slavery, servitude or forced labour.
37. States of emergency.
(1) A state of emergency may be declared only in terms of an Act of Parliament and only when –
(a) the life of the nation is threatened by war, invasion, general insurrection, disorder, natural disaster or other public emergency; …
(5) No Act of Parliament that authorises a declaration of a state of emergency, and no legislation enacted or other action taken in consequence of a declaration may permit or authorise –
(c) any derogation from a section mentioned in column 1 of the Table of Non-Derogable Rights, to the extent indicated opposite that section in column 3 of the Table. 
South Africa, Constitution, 1996, as amended to 2003, Sections, 37(1)(a) and (5)(c).
In the “Table of Non-Derogable Rights”, the Constitution includes section 13, entitled “Slavery, servitude and forced labour”, and states that the right is protected “[w]ith respect to slavery and servitude”. Forced labour is not mentioned. 
South Africa, Constitution, 1996, as amended to 2003, Section 37.