Practice Relating to Rule 143. Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
The Philippines’ Executive Order No. 134 (1999) states:
Whereas, in solidarity with the other Contracting Parties to the four Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II, the Philippines accepts direct responsibility for the application of international humanitarian law when involved in an armed conflict;
Whereas, the officials and personnel of government departments, law enforcement agencies, and local government units need to enhance their understanding of the principles of international humanitarian law in order to further strengthen their resolve to adhere to, promote and protect these principles;
Whereas, the commemoration of International Humanitarian Law Day will raise the people’s consciousness and promote greater awareness of the principles of International Humanitarian Law;
Now, Therefore, I, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby declare August 12, 1999 and every 12th day of August thereafter as International Humanitarian Law Day.
All concerned departments and agencies of the government are enjoined to observe International Humanitarian Law Day and to actively support and participate in programs and activities to commemorate this Day.
The Philippines’ Memorandum Circular No. 138 (2007) states:
The Office of the President issued Executive Order (EO) 134 in 1999 declaring August 12 as IHL Day to commemorate the signing of the 1949 Geneva Convention. In addition, one of the thrusts of the Government is to sustain institutional and popular support and participation in building a culture of peace in the country. Therefore, the theme for this year’s observance shall be “Together for Humanity; Together for Peace”.
Relative thereto, all Cabinet Members and Heads of Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations are hereby directed to actively participate in the nationwide observance of IHL Day, both at the central and at the regional/field levels. In particular, you are directed to undertake any or a combination of the following:
3. Holding IHL seminars and symposia to discuss the importance of IHL; and
4. Provide other support that may be needed to make the celebration more meaningful;
The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Department of National Defense (DND) with the support of the Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) shall undertake the necessary coordination nationwide on the participation of government agencies.