Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 156. Definition of War Crimes
In a written opinion in the Trajković case in 2001, the International Prosecutor for the Office of the Public Prosecutor of Kosovo (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) referred to Articles 146 and 147 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV and stated:
The cited provisions of Geneva Convention IV establish that, in general, a person commits a crime of war only if:
(1) during armed conflict, whether or not international,
(2) he commits a prohibited act against a protected person or population.
… ICTY jurisprudence makes explicit the third element, a nexus between the armed conflict and the prohibited act.