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Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989

On 21 December 1976, the United Nations General Assembly declared 1979 to be the International Year of the Child in commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, proclaimed by it on 20 November 1959 (Resolution 1386 (XIV)). In the course of the preparations for this commemoration the Polish government proposed that a draft Convention on the rights of the child be drawn up. The first draft was presented to the Commission on Human Rights in 1978 and was followed by an amended version on 5 October 1979. The Commission on Human Rights continued examination of this issue from its 35th (1979) to 42nd (1986) sessions. An open-ended working group of was created in 1979. The group met each year for one week preceding the sessions of the Commission on Human Rights to accelerate drafting of the new Convention. The Convention was adopted on 20 November 1989 by General Assembly Resolution 44/25. It puts forth all the fundamental rights of the child, whether civil, political, economic, social or cultural. Article 38 makes provision for children in situations of armed conflict and was introduced at a session meeting of the working group from 28 January to 1 February 1985, which preceded the 41st session of the Commission on Human Rights upon the initiative of the delegations from the Netherlands, Sweden and Finland, seconded by Belgium, Peru and Senegal. Article 43 provides for the creation of a Committee on the rights of the child, consisting of ten experts, to follow the progress made by States Parties in fulfilling the obligations undertaken by virtue of the Convention.
United Nations General Assembly



1989, New-York


United Nations


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Convention on the Rights of the Child, United Nations, 1989.

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