A series of Resolutions in which the Security Council condemned the systematic, widespread and flagrant violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda, culminated in the establishment of an international Tribunal. Determining that the situation constituted a threat to international peace and security, the Security Council stated that it was determined to put an end to such crimes and to take effective measures to bring to justice the persons who are responsible for them. The Security Council further stated that in the particular circumstances of Rwanda, it was convinced that the establishment of an international tribunal would enable this aim to be achieved and would contribute to the process of national reconciliation and to the restoration and maintenance of peace. The tribunal was established for the sole purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for genocide and other violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations committed in the territory of neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994. Thus, the Security Council adopts, by its resolution 955 (1994) of 8 november 1994, the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.