Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
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Commentary of 1958 


Section III (Occupied Territories) comprises Articles 47 to 78 of the Convention and deals with a very important subject -- the treatment which the inhabitants of occupied territory must receive from the Occupying Power. It must be remembered, moreover, that Articles 27 to 34 on which comment has already been made apply equally to this Section and to the Section dealing with aliens in the territory of a belligerent.
With that addition Section III of the Convention represents the first attempt to codify the rules of international law dealing with occupation since the conclusion of the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 concerning the laws and customs of war on land. The rules set forth in Section III will supplement Sections II and III of the Regulations annexed to those Conventions, by making numerous points clearer.