Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
Chapter V : Buildings and material
The rules governing the protection of fixed and mobile medical units of the armed forces are contained in Chapter III of the First Convention.
They may in no circumstances be attacked, but must at all times be respected and protected by the Parties to the conflict. Article 19 specifically provides that, should such units or establishments fall into the hands of the adverse Party, their personnel must be free to pursue their duties, as long as the capturing Power has not itself ensured the necessary care of the wounded and sick they contain.
Chapter V complements Chapter III and contains the rules detailing the fate of buildings and material of medical units of the armed forces and aid societies after they fall into enemy hands.
Article 33 deals with this question in relation to the material of mobile medical units of the armed forces and to the buildings, material and stores of fixed medical establishments of the armed forces. This article does not regulate medical vehicles of the armed forces, which are covered by Article 35.
Article 34 deals with the same question in relation to the buildings and material of aid societies which are admitted to the privileges of the Convention; in this case, the medical transports used by such societies are also covered.
The personal property of medical and religious personnel of the armed forces, as well as of the medical personnel of neutral countries, who fall into enemy hands is dealt with in Articles 30(3) and 32(4).
- See, in particular, Articles 19, 21 and 22.