Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
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Commentary of 1952 
[p.217] CHAPTER IV


The medical personnel and chaplains (1) referred to in the present Convention, in which they form the subject of a special Chapter, are those forming part of the armed forces in the field. They do not include civilian staff, or medical personnel and chaplains of forces at sea, such personnel being dealt with in the Second and Fourth Geneva Conventions of 1949.
Personnel protected by the present Convention comprise the following six categories:

1. Medical personnel of the armed forces exclusively engaged in the
search for, or the collection, transport or treatment of the
wounded and sick, or in the prevention of disease (Article 24 ).

2. Personnel of the armed forces exclusively engaged in the
administration of medical units and establishments (Article 24 ).

3. Chaplains attached to the armed forces (Article 24 ).

4. The staff of National Red Cross Societies and other recognized
relief societies, employed on the same duties as the personnel
mentioned under 1, 2 and 3, and subject to military laws and
regulations (Article 26 ).

5. Personnel of relief societies of neutral countries, who lend
their assistance to a belligerent and are duly authorized to do
so (Article 27 ).

6. Members of the armed forces specially trained for employment, in
case of emergency, as hospital orderlies, nurses or auxiliary
stretcher-bearers (Article 25 ).

[p.218] Personnel in the last of these categories are known as "auxiliary personnel", as opposed to "permanent personnel" (see title of Article 24 ) -- a term which is sometimes used to describe the personnel in the first five categories.

* (1) [(1) p.217] For the sake of brevity, the term "medical
personnel" used hereafter is understood to include the