On 23 July 2019, the President of Myanmar enacted the Child Rights Law.
Under Article 3(d) of the Law, a child is anyone under the age of 18.
Chapter 17 of the Law is entitled “Children and armed conflict” and contains several provisions dealing with children affected by armed conflict. Article 60 sets out the obligation of state bodies and agencies, as well as of non-state entities in relation to the protection of children affected by armed conflict and their rights. Such obligations include preventing physical, sexual violence, recruitment and use of children in armed conflict, and ensuring the treatment, rehabilitation, education and integration of children affected by armed conflict. In addition, under Article 60(b), all children affected or displaced by armed conflict, are considered victims.
Article 61 of the Law criminalises the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict, physical or sexual violence against children, attacks on educational institutions or hospitals, and obstructing the receipt of humanitarian assistance. Article 62 of the Law sets out the rights of children in armed conflict, including their entitlement to protection against physical violence, neglect, exploitation and sexual violence, abduction and detention, as well as their right to assistance as victims affected by armed conflict.
Article 63 of the Law prohibits the recruitment or enlistment of individuals under the age of 18 into the armed forces of the state or their use in hostilities. Article 64 of the Law prohibits the recruitment or use of individuals under the age of 18 in hostilities by non-state armed groups.