National Implementation of IHL
Law on the allocation of litigation and the relief of certain court proceedings, 2011
Loi n° 2011-1862 du 13 décembre 2011 relative à la répartition des contentieux et à l'allègement de certaines procédures juridictionnelles

13.12.2011
01.01.2012
Journal officiel de la République française 14 décembre 2011, texte 1 sur 105, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000024960344&dateTexte=&categorieLien=id  (last accessed on 02.05.2013)

Summary
On 13 December 2011, the President of France promulgated Law No. 2011-1862 on the distribution of litigation and on relief from certain court proceedings. The Law was published on 14 December in the Official Gazette and entered into force on 1 January 2012.

Law No. 2011-1862 removes jurisdiction from the military courts for crimes against humanity, war crimes, and acts of torture, transferring such jurisdiction to the Tribunal de Grande Instance, a lower court in Paris. In its Chapter VIII on the ‘regrouping of certain criminal litigation in specialized courts’. Articles 22 and 23 set up a special unit to deal with crimes against humanity, war crimes, and acts of torture within the Tribunal de Grande Instance. ‘The special investigating unit, composed of dedicated lawyers and investigators, will . . . deal with all cases opened in France related to crimes against humanity, including genocide, crimes of war and acts of torture’. Article 22 also specifies that the investigators may conduct hearings on foreign territory, with the prior consent of the relevant authorities. To that effect, the authorities will issue them with an international rogatory letter.

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