The International Criminal Court (ICC) Act was enacted into law on 25 May 2010, and entered into force on 25 June 2010. The law gives effect to the Rome Statute of the ICC, primarily by incorporating into national legislation the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. It also criminalizes acts and omissions against the administration of justice by the ICC. It likewise enables national courts to exercise jurisdiction over such crimes.
General principles of criminal law inscribed in the Rome Statute are made applicable along with the principles of Ugandan criminal law. These principles include those that relate to the responsibility of commanders and other superiors over crimes committed by their subordinates, and excludes any statutes of limitation.
The ICC Act allows Uganda to co-operate with the ICC, in terms of investigation and prosecution of persons accused of such crimes, their arrest and surrender to the ICC, and enforcement of sentences. In addition, it provides for various forms of requests for assistance to the ICC and enables the ICC to conduct proceedings in Uganda.