National Implementation of IHL
Law No. 6 that converts the Decree no. 421 of 1 December 2001 on the multinational operation “Enduring Freedom” into a law and amends the Military Criminal Code of War, 2002
Legge 31 gennaio 2002, n.6, "Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 1° dicembre 2001, n. 421, recante disposizioni urgenti per la partecipazione di personale militare all'operazione multinazionale denominata "Enduring Freedom". Modifiche al codice penale militare di guerra, approvato con regio decreto 20 febbraio 1941, n. 303"

31.01.2002
03.02.2002
Yes
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 28 del 2 febbraio 2002 , http://www.camera.it/parlam/leggi/02006l.htm  (last accessed on 10.06.2013)

Summary
The Law extends the applicability of the Military Criminal Code of War to military personnel on mission for armed operations outside Italian territory, such as the troops taking part in the “Enduring Freedom” operation. The Law also emphasizes that the provisions of Book II, Title 4, of the Code (“Acts against the laws and customs of war”) applies to all armed conflicts, irrespective of whether or not there was a declaration of war. It adds new Articles 184bis and 185bis which impose prison sentences for the taking of hostages; for the threat to wound or kill a person who is unarmed, is not acting in a hostile manner or is captured in connection with the conflict, with the aim to force the hand-over of persons or objects; and for torture or other inhuman treatments, illegal transfers or any other act prohibited under international conventions, including biological experiments or medical treatments which are not required by the state of health of prisoners of war, civilians or other persons protected by the said conventions.

Document
File TypeSizeFile Name
application/pdf 80 KB Italy - Law no. 6 of 2002 [it].pdf