National Implementation of IHL
Law introducing various steps to adapt French justice system to the European Union Law and to France’s International Commitments, 2013
Loi no 2013-711 du 5 août 2013 portant diverses dispositions d'adaptation dans le domaine de la justice en application du droit de l'Union européenne et des engagements internationaux de la France

Journal officiel de la République française, No 181, 6 août 2013, texte 4 sur 109; (last accessed on 07.08.2014)

On 05 August 2013, in the process of aligning its legislation with EU standards, the French parliament adopted a law to implement both the 2005 Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem and the 2006 CPPED (Chapter VIII and X of Law No. 2013-711, respectively). Chapter VIII amends the Penal Code by introducing new provisions to repress those who publicly and without having the right, use the emblem or one of the distinctive signs protected by the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols.
The Chapter X also amends the Penal Code introducing the crime of enforced disappearance to the conducts punished as other crimes against humanity (Articles 212-1 to 212-3 of the Penal Code). This section incorporates a new Chapter to the French Penal Code, defining the crime of enforced disappearance as it is defined by the CPPED Under Article 2 of the CPPED, "enforced disappearance" is considered to be the arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law. and providing a penalty of life imprisonment for offenders. This new Chapter also addresses command responsibility for enforced disappearance.

Related laws and/or case-law: Penal Code (as of 2013); Law adapting criminal law to include provisions of the International Criminal Court, 2010

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