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Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994
Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994 [taking into account amendments up to Act no. 50 of 2007] : an act relating to the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling or use of chemical weapons and the control of certain chemicals capable of being used as chemical weapons, and related provisions

Consolidated text as in force on 23 October 1998 (includes amendments up to Act No. 9 of 1998)
Act no. 26 of 1994 as amended. - Source : (last accessed on 21.05.2012)

The Act gives effect to Australia’s obligations under the UN Chemical Weapons Convention (1993) and provides a legislative basis for its national implementation, including penal sanctions against violations of the Convention.

The Act also establishes a mandatory reporting system for the chemical industry and any other institutions or individuals handling specified amounts of scheduled chemical substances. Sites must be open to routine inspection, and warrants shall be issued to allow inspections (routine or challenge) where the occupier of the premises refuses consent for an inspection. The Act, like the Convention, contains confidentiality provisions to protect the integrity of information gained.

Permits for the handling of specified chemicals are administered by the Chemical Weapons Convention Office. The Office engages national inspectors who have inspection powers to verify that declared facilities comply with the Act. The Office is the Designated National Authority for liaison between the Australian Government and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

Controls on the import and export of certain chemicals as required by the Convention are implemented by amendment of the Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations and the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations.

(Sections 86 to 89 (Division 1 of Part 7), 95-97, 99 and 102-104 entered into force on 15 February 1995.)

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application/pdf 640 KB Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994.pdf